Some great scientist of all time

Hii ! This is Ankita Chaudhary. Today we will talk about those scientists who have changed the way they look at this world through their research.

1. NIKOLA TESLA

There are very few people who know about Nikola Tesla. But he was a very great and intelligent scientist. He was born on 10 july 1856 in Smiljan , Croatia and he died on 7 january 1943. His father’s name was Milutin Tesla and his mother’s name was Đuka Tesla.

Awards :

​Elliott Cresson Medal
​Order of Prince Danilo I
​Edison Medal
​Order of the Yugoslav Crown
​John Scott Medal
​University of Paris Medal
​The Medal of the University St Clement of Ochrida, Sofia, Bulgaria
​Order of St. Sava, II Class, Government of Serbia
​Order of St. Sava, I Class, Government of Yugoslavia
​Order of the White Eagle, I Class, Government of Yugoslavia
​Order of the White Lion, I Class, Government of Czechoslovakia

His inventions :

Remote control
​Tesla coil
​Radio
​Tesla Turbine
​Induction motor
​Neon lamp/light
​Violet ray
​Alternating-current

Significant design :

AC motor
Carbon button lamp
Death ray
Induction motor
Plasma globe
Plasma lamp
Polyphase system
Radio control
Resonant inductive coupling
Rotating magnetic field
Teleforce
Telegeodynamics
Teleoperation
Tesla coil
Tesla Experimental Station
Tesla’s oscillator
Tesla turbine
Tesla valve
Torpedo [1]
Vacuum variable capacitor
Violet ray
VTOL
Wardenclyffe Tower
Wireless power transfer
World Wireless System

Some Tesla Inventions That were Never Built :

​Earthquake Machine
​Thought Camera
​Wireless Energy
​Artificial Tidal Wave
​Electric-Powered Supersonic Airship
​Death Beam
​Remote Controlled Navies

2. ALBERT EINSTEIN

Albert Einstein was a very famous scientist. There is hardly anyone in the world who does not know about him or his famous work. Albert Einstein published more than 300 scientific research papers. Due to which, even today, his name is recorded on the pages of history. Albert Einstein is a very intelligent and successful scientist. Albert Einstein also won the Nobel Prize for his interpretation of the photo electric effect in 1921. Albert Einstein was born on 14 March 1879 in Ulm, Germany. His father’s name was Hermann Einstein and his mother’s name was Pauline Einstein. Albert Einstein died on 18 April 1955.

Awards :

Barnard Medal
Nobel Prize in Physics
Matteucci Medal
ForMemRS
Copley Medal
Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society
Max Planck Medal
Member of the National Academy of Sciences
Time Person of the Century

Albert Einstein known for :

​General theory of relativity
​Special theory of relativity
​Photo electric effect
​Mass Energy relation
​Gravitational wave
​Bose einstein statistics
​Einstein field equation
​Bose einstein condensate
​Theory of Brownian motion
​Planck Einstein relation
​Theory of Brownian motion

3. ISAAC NEWTON

Newton was a very great physicist, astronomer and also a great mathematician, who changed the way we look at the Universe. Sir Isaac Newton was born on 4 january 1643 in Woolsthorpe, England and he died on 31 march 1727 in london.

Awards :

FRS
Knight Bachelor

Isaac Newton known for :

​Laws of motion
​Laws of Gravitation
​Discoveries in Optics
​Binomial theorem
​Calculus

His inventions :

​Newton-Raphson Method
​Reflecting Telescope
​Perfect Coin
​Cat Doors

4. MARIE CURIE

Marie Curie was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize and the first person to win the award twice in the field of science. Marie Curie was born on 7 November 1867 in warsaw kingdom of poland. Marie Curie’s full name was Marie Skiodowska Curie. Her father name was Wladyslaw Sklodowski and her mother name was Bronislawa Sklodowska. Marie curie died on 4 July 1934 in passy, france. Marie Curie was a very successful and highly praised scientist. She married the French physicist Pierre Curie in 1895. They both spent their marriage by sharing ground-breaking scientific discoveries and a Nobel Prize.

Awards :

Nobel Prize in Physics

Davy Medal

Matteucci Medal
Elliott Cresson Medal
Albert Medal
Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Willard Gibbs Award
Cameron Prize for Therapeutics of the University of Edinburgh

Her discoveries :

​Radium
​Polonium

5. STEPHEN HAWKING

Stephen Hawking was a scientist who earned his name in this world even after facing difficult challenges. Stephen Hawking was born on 8 January 1942 in Oxford, United Kingdom exactly 300 years after the death of the Italian astronomer, Galileo Galilei and he died on 14 march 2018 in Cambridge, United Kingdom.

Awards :

Adams Prize
Eddington Medal
Maxwell Medal and Prize
Heineman Prize
Hughes Medal
Albert Einstein Award
Albert Einstein Medal
RAS Gold Medal
Dirac Medal
Wolf Prize
Prince of Asturias Award
Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences
Andrew Gemant Award
Naylor Prize and Lectureship
Lilienfeld Prize
Albert Medal
Copley Medal
Presidential Medal of Freedom
Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics
BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award

Stephen hawking known for :

​Cosmology
​Hawking’s radiation
​Laws of Black hole mechanics
​Cosmic Inflation Theory
​A Brief History of Time” his famous book
​Model on the wave function of the Universe

6. C.V. RAMAN

CV Raman was a great scientist of India who made his great contribution in the field of science and his unique discoveries gave India a different identity in the field of science. His full name is Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman. CV Raman born on 7 november 1888 in Tiruchirappalli (Southern India). C.V. Raman won the noble prize in physics in 1930 and he was the first indian to receive the noble prize in any branch of science. He died on 21 november 1970.

Awards :

​ Bharat Ratna
​Noble prize in physics
​Lenin Peace Prize
​Hughes Medal
​Knight Bachelor
​Matteucci Medal
​Fellow of the Royal Society

C.V. Raman known for :

Raman effect

7. GALILEO GALILEI

Galileo was a very great scientist, if he had not been there, we might not have known so much about science today. Galileo Galilei was born on 15 february 1564 in pisa , italy and he died on 8 January 1642 in arcetri , italy.

​Galileo Galilei known for :

​Galilean telescope
hydrostatic balance
thermometer
​compass
Analytical dynamics
heliocentrism
kinematics
observational astronomy

 

 

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